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Sunday, April 26, 2020 | History

2 edition of Political authority and moral judgement. found in the catalog.

Political authority and moral judgement.

Glenn Negley

Political authority and moral judgement.

  • 365 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by Duke University Press in Durham, North Carolina .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Pagination163p.
Number of Pages163
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13710945M


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Political authority and moral judgement. by Glenn Negley Download PDF EPUB FB2

This is an anti-government, pro-anarchy work in two parts. First, it takes a political philosophy approach to the problem of government: why do we obey; what is the moral basis of political authority. Starting from simple moral propositions, the author investigates political authority and finds it has no moral basis.

Philosophically, it does not exist. Second, the author Cited by: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Negley, Glenn Robert, Political authority and moral judgment. Durham, N.C., Duke University Press, POLITICAL AUTHORITY AND MORAL EDUCATION Reasons to Deny to Political Authority Political authority and moral judgement.

book Teaching of Morals It has been a maxim of liberal theory and practice that political authority should not be involved in the task of moral education, and in particular should not use force to impose some moral code on its citizens.

In an exploration of the personal basis of resistance to authority, moral judgment and attitudes toward authority were examined in men and women political resisters, including antinuclear, draft registration, and tax resisters, and anarchists, and compared to 34 liberal and 29 conservative by: Moral Judgment, Personality, and Attitudes Toward Authority John A.

Johnson, Robert Hogan, and Alan B. Zonderman to provide "scientific" evidence for the moral superiority of a liberal political philosophy over a conservative view. Specifically, the of authority should be positive, but stronger for public, impersonal authority.

Piaget proceeds to an analysis of lying, cheating, adult authority, punishment, and responsibility, noting and evaluating the changing attitudes of growing children toward these "moral realities." The book concludes with a comparison of the findings of this significant study with those theories in social psychology and sociology that bear Cited by: The book is a mixed bag for me.

Some parts are fascinating, while other parts are a bit technical and dry. But so much of it is original and fresh, that I give the book five stars.

Haidt proposes six foundations of morality; care/harm, liberty/oppression, fairness/cheating, loyalty/betrayal, authority/subversion, /5(K). It is also not surprising the religious fundamentalist look to their books as sources of moral authority and morality itself.

“Extremism in any ideology isn’t a distortion of that ideology. It is an informed, steadfast adherence to its fundamentals” – Ali A.

Rizvi. The Problem of Political Authority: An Examination of the Right to Coerce and the Duty to Obey is a book by University of Colorado philosophy professor Michael Huemer released in January The first part of the book argues in detail for philosophical anarchism and refutes the legitimacy of political authority, while the second addresses political anarchism and the Author: Michael Huemer.

The significance of moral standards is emphasized again in the Essays on moral and political topics, which were so influential in establishing Hume's reputation as a scholar and an author. Finally, in the two books which he wrote on the subject of religion, the implications with reference to morals are especially prominent.

The Righteous Mind, by Jonathan Haidt, is an ambitious book that tackles morality, politics, and evolution. Haidt aims to examine how we make moral decisions, and how political liberals and conservatives take different factors into consideration when deciding whether a thing is ‘right’ or ‘wrong’.

He takes an evolutionary perspective to. The moral reading therefore brings political morality into the heart of constitutional law.1 But political morality is inherently uncertain and controversial, so any system of government that makes such principles part of its law must decide whose interpretation and understanding will be authoritative.

In the American system judges—ultimately the justices of the Supreme Court—now have that authority, and the moral. Political Ethics Political ethics (sometimes called political morality or public ethics) is the practice of making moral judgments about political action, and the study of that practice.

As a field of study, it is divided into two branches, each with distinctive problems and with different though overlapping Size: 2MB.

Piaget proceeds to an analysis of lying, cheating, adult authority, punishment, and responsibility, noting and evaluating the changing attitudes of growing children toward these "moral realities."The book concludes with a comparison of the findings of this significant study with those theories in social psychology and sociology that bear directly on the moral.

Jonathan David Haidt (/ h aɪ t /; born Octo ) is an American social psychologist, Professor of Ethical Leadership at New York University's Stern School of Business, and author.

His main areas of study are the psychology of morality and the moral emotions. Haidt's main scientific contributions come from the psychological field of moral foundations al advisor: Jonathan Baron, Alan Fiske.

And in a survey of 2, Americans, Haidt found that self-described liberals, especially those who called themselves “very liberal,” were worse at predicting the moral judgments of moderates Author: William Saletan. The University of Chicago Press. Books Division. Chicago Distribution Center. Miller, ).

The descriptive study of moral judgment is essentially the study of what (lay)people think is normative. (We elaborate more on normative approaches in the study of moral judgment and decision making in the third section under the heading Exercise caution when making comparisons to normative standards).File Size: KB.

Even within the U.S. there is significant cultural variation across the democratic (liberal) and republican (conservative) political divide. Conservatives endorse loyalty, authority, and sanctity as core moral principles.

But conservatives also endorse the moral principles of care, liberty, and fairness. Romans 13 New International Version (NIV) Submission to Governing Authorities. 13 Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established.

The authorities that exist have been established by God. 2 Consequently, whoever rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment. Key works: In many ways, Michael Smith's The Moral Problem is the both the most important work on moral judgment and the best place for someone interested in the topic to begin thinking seriously.

Smith, better than anyone else, sets out the problems which have dominated the philosophical agenda on moral judgment for the last two decades and presents a novel and. Illustrating the incompatibility of the concept of authority with the rationale of autonomy, was similarly expressed by the political philosopher Raz, who pointed out that authority sometimes requires action against one’s own judgment and consequently it requires abandoning one’s moral autonomy and since all practical questions may involve.

Thomas Aquinas: Political Philosophy. The political philosophy of Thomas Aquinas (), along with the broader philosophical teaching of which it is part, stands at the crossroads between the Christian gospel and the Aristotelian political doctrine that was, in Aquinas’ time, newly discovered in the Western world.

In fact, Aquinas’ whole developed system is often. The Scriptures, beginning with the Book of Judges, teach a philosophy of human government, which you will find was true of God's people and which has been true of every nation.

The first step in a nation's decline is religious apostasy, a turning from the living and true God. The second step downward for a nation is moral awfulness.

A review of Four Texts on Socrates: Plato’s Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito and Aristophanes’ Clouds, translated by Thomas G. West and Grace Starry West. Morally and politically our age has frequently been described as a time of crises, subsumable ultimately under a comprehensive crisis, the crisis of the West.

They seek a reasoned defense of a moral viewpoint, and they use considered judgments and moral frameworks to distinguish justified moral claims from unjustified ones. They try to stimulate the moral imagination, promote analytical skills and weed out prejudice, undue emotion, false authority, and the like.

Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. My libraryMissing: moral judgement. Start studying Theology: Chapter 5. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. not follow an unjust authority; the moral right to refuse to follow laws or other social constructs based on moral or religious grounds.

primarily a judgement of reason that allows you to determine whether certain acts. The moral judgments of actions (or inaction) are usually the primary focus of any discussion of Moral Judgments in particular, and Ethical analysis in general. This is because the judgments of intentions, character traits, and persons are generally based on the judgment of actions that the intention, motive, character trait, or person does or.

go against authority, and are therefore typically considered a "conservative value". It is specifically the "liberal" *rejection* of three of the five moral values that leads to dissagreement. Haidt articulates in the talk that it isn’t either/or. That it is yin/yang and BOTH sides need each other.

He doesn’t use the words. What makes moral judgment and decision making unique. Morality has long been treated as a distinct area of scholarship. Should it be. Put differently, why is it necessary to have a separate chapter on moral judgment and decision making in this handbook.

Perhaps morality is distinctive only in its content, but not in any deeper structural Size: KB. Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.

Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group, while opposing external.

On the one hand, philosophers have tried to solve problems in moral and political philosophy, epistemology, and other subfields of the discipline SUBSCRIBE TODAY. Full access to this book and o more. The Court ruled for the plaintiff in that case, effectively outlawing racial housing covenants by finding their enforcement to be a violation of the 14th Amendment—thus starting a process of chipping away at the legal basis for segregation, culminating in the celebrated Brown v Board of Education of Topeka decision seven years later.

Rather than cementing America’s moral authority. This is the most debated question in Ethics. It means -- how do you GROUND Ethics in your theory. Some ground Ethics on God.

Some ground Ethics on Reason. Some ground Ethics on Custom. Some ground Ethics on the Categorical Imperative (beyond Pure. The instructor takes a realistic, and hence grim, view of political power—again, remember the truth of sovereignty!—when he continues, “To vote is to wield authority; it is the supreme authority from which all other authority derives the franchise is force, naked and raw, the Power of the Rods and the Ax.

As a test case, I decided to examine whether moral foundation scores, which measure how much a person cares about harming others, fairness, obeying authority, being loyal, and being pure, in the context of moral judgments, predict whether a visitor to visited using a Mac vs.

a PC. Below is the graph. This exercize helped me to identify the 4 principles of moral psychology that now guide my approach to so much of moral and political psychology: 1) Intuitive primacy (but not dictatorship), 2) Moral thinking is for social doing, 3) Morality binds and builds, 4) There is more to morality than harm and fairness.

Authority, Autonomy, and Choice: The Role of Consent in the Moral and Political Visions of Franz Kafka and Richard Posner Robin West Georgetown University Law Center, [email protected] Georgetown Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. This paper can be downloaded free of charge from.

Oliver O’Donovan has rightly earned a reputation as “one of the pre-eminent Protestant Christian ethicists of the present time” (xi). His Resurrection and Moral Order, Desire of the Nations, and Ways of Judgment demonstrate his significance, as do the first two volumes of his three-volume Ethics as Theology Authority of the Gospel, however, attests to O’Donovan’s.